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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the purpose of a bill of exceptions?

The bill of exceptions serves a crucial role in the legal system, particularly in civil cases. Its primary purpose is to challenge the law, specifically to highlight any errors that may have occurred during the trial process. This legal document is used as evidence once it's officially recorded. It’s signed and filed by the judge with the trial court clerk, provided all parties agree with its contents. The bill of exceptions is a tool that allows for the questioning of a judge's decision, whether it was made to the jury or while delivering a verdict in court. If a judge is found to have made an incorrect decision, they may be required to seal a bill of exceptions. However, it's important to note that in criminal cases, a judge does not have to seal a bill of exceptions. The bill of exceptions must be filed before the jury delivers the verdict on the case. After the jury's decision, the bill is noted and settled. The judge can seal the bill of exceptions even after they are out of office or once the record has been removed by a writ of error.
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